GBV and HIV are obstacles to the social and economic development of communities as well as to the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals. Sustainable livelihoods play an important role in preventing GBV and HIV and mitigating their impact. Gender inequality, limited access and control over land, and other productive resources, lack of access to education and health services, food insecurity, and conflict continue to fuel the vicious cycle of both GBV and HIV. GBV and food insecurity also contribute directly and indirectly to people’s vulnerability to HIV and their ability to cope with the infection. Resources under this section expound on livelihood interventions and how they are necessary to confront underlying causes and factors related to poverty, economic inequalities and control over resources which contribute to GBV and the spread of HIV.